Fructo Oligo Saccharides (FOS)
FOS are soluble, fermentable fibres which cannot be digested by the cat’s or dog’s digestive enzymes. FOS pass undigested through the small intestine into the colon where they work as prebiotics, supporting the growth of beneficial gut bacteria such as Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria supporting good digestive health. Pathogenic bacteria as Salmonella cannot ferment FOS.
FOS is extracted from chicory roots.
The beta-1,3/1,6 glucans derived from baker’s yeast provide immune support.
The structure of these beta-1,3/1,6-glucans allows them to bind to receptors of immune cells, alerting the immune system and so supporting the immune response.
Psyllium husk is derived from the hulls of the seeds of Plantago ovata and contains primarily dietary fibres which have a great capacity to bind water. Psyllium is well known for its beneficial effect on the regulation of the gastrointestinal tract activity. Due to its mucilage-forming property it can form a protective layer on the inner wall of the intestines, Psyllium husk is often used in the management of constipation and diarrhoea in pets.
Taurine has many functions in the body such as the conjugation of bile acids and the function of the cardiovascular system, nervous system and the retina in the eye.
Whilst dogs are able to make Taurine themselves, cats are not, and so must take in Taurine in their diet.
If the diet of a cat does not contain sufficient taurine, the cat will develop cardiac problems and degeneration of the retina in the eye, leading to blindness.
In diets for cats and dogs with cardiac problems extra Taurine is recommended to support the cardiac function.
The Yucca plant grows in the south-western deserts of the United States and northern Mexico. It is the ability of the Yucca plant to bind ammonia at high concentrations that allows them to survive in these hostile environments.
Nowadays extract of Yucca schidigera is widely used in the pet food to bind ammonia and so decrease odours from stools.