What is diabetes?
Body cells run on a sugar called glucose. Glucose comes from the body breaking down carbohydrates. Cells then extract glucose from the blood with the help of the hormone insulin. In cases of diabetes, there is either not enough insulin or it is not working properly. This means that cells don’t take in enough glucose, allowing it to build up in the blood causing organ damage. Diabetes is not curable, but it is treatable – and a cat with diabetes can live many happy years after diagnosis.
What can be done?
Cat diabetes can be tackled with a combination of insulin treatment and correct diet. The aim is to control the cat's blood sugar level and a diet with a low “glycemic index” can help.
What is the glycaemic index?
The glycaemic index (GI) is the measure of how quickly glucose is released into the blood after eating. A lower GI food releases glucose more slowly.
Nutrition for diabetic cats
SPECIFIC™ has a number of products for the management of diabetes in cats:
- SPECIFIC ™ Endocrine Support FEW-DM has very low carbohydrate levels and high protein content, suporting good blood sugar control.
- SPECIFIC ™ Endocrine Support FED-DM has a reduced carbohydrate content, and these come from low glycemic index sources, combined with increased fiber levels, this appears to support blood glucose levels.
- SPECIFIC™ Weight reduction diets FRD and FRW: Complex carbohydrates combined with high fibre slows the release of glucose giving a more stable blood sugar level after the meal
- SPECIFIC™ Adult wet food pâté FXW has a high level of protein and low level of carbohydrates helping control the blood sugar level